Democracy, as you may have known, is a form of people’s governance.
Here people decide to have the right to decide on who should rule and how to be ruled.
Their dislike for any rule or law can be shown in the form of a protest. And the government in power has to be sensitive to such protests.
Due to this feature, people in a democratic country enjoy a lot of freedom.
They can work freely and perform well in whatever areas of interest they wish to.
Even a normal person without any familial support can become president, like in the case of Abraham Lincoln with his sheer ability.
Unlike the king’s rule or dictatorship, the people would not be prone to restrictions of any sort without their liking.
Why is democracy important?
- Basic rights of the person are protected
- Chances for growth
- Combined decision making
- Fewer chances of misuse of power
- Equal rights to all
- Ability to express themselves
- Enhanced economic growth
- Provide food and minimizes famines
- Minimizes conflicts and violence
- Provide food and minimizes famines
- Separation of powers
- Transparency of systems and processes
- People with the right ability only will be given chance to perform
- Peoples Choice
- Change of power
- Equal and fair justice
- People participation
- Better and equal opportunities
- Freedom of life
Rights of citizens
The fundamental rights of citizens are protected. There is freedom of food, clothing, shelter. Even the choices of work, religion, etc., are not controlled. None can compel him or prevent him in these aspects.
Common law for all
Any person found guilty is to be punished by law. A poor man or the rich, strong or weak, will have to undergo the same punishment and judicial trial.
Also, to get into any position, all the people will have to follow the same procedures.
Chances for individual growth
Due to freedom of life, a person can work without compulsions. This enables him to perform with passion in any field he desires. With this work by passion, there would be enhanced performance and growth.
Combined decision making
For every issue, the entire representatives of people are responsible. Everyone will be involved in decision-making. This limits the chances of wrong decisions for the country. Thereby everyone is safe and in agreement with happenings with the nation.
Fewer chances of misuse of power
In the autocratic rule, there are chances for misuse of power. None can question their actions; hence, people in power can make personal decisions.
This happens sometimes based on their individual needs and wishes.
So, they can take decisions even if it is harmful to the entire masses. But in a democracy, such misuse of power is not possible.
Even a president or prime minister has to take his colleagues into consideration. He has to put his views into practice only after their approval.
Equal rights to all
In a democracy, everyone is equal before the law. One can take up studies, build homes, buy property, anywhere within the nation as per rules.
Ability to express themselves
Every individual has his opinion. Democracy provides an opportunity to express his opinion without fear or censorship.
Enhanced economic growth
Most countries with democracy have enormous economic growth. As governance is a collective effort, economic growth is never hindered. The nation’s growth is done collectively and efficiently.
Minimizes conflicts and violence
The chances of violence can be minimal in democracy if all the insitutes work in spirit of democracy.
Since the power transition is smooth by-elections, the chances of violence are low.
The only way to get into power is through people’s trust. So, the persons will have to behave responsibly.
Provide food and minimizes famines
In the case of calamities, people are deprived of basic amenities like food. The government will have to arrange for food and essentials from other places.
This is done to support the public and win their support. So, the suffering of people due to famines would be less.
Separation of powers
In a democracy, the powers of administration, justice are separate. So, those in power or those in the judiciary cannot overpower themselves.
Transparency of systems
Since all are equal by law, the systems are transparent for elections, competitive exams, and job selections. This leads to better support for those with ability and talent.
People are chosen by performance
In autocratic rule or kingship, the power transit to children. Despite not being capable enough, they can have complete power. This leads to insufficient administration and a lack of long-term prosperity. In a democracy, only those with credible performance records would be given a chance.
The right person with the ability will be in the position to administer the governance.
The finances of the state have to be spent as per the constitution. This prevents misuse of funds and uses them only for the benefit of citizens. So, the chances of corruption can be reduced.
People can choose their leader irrespective of caste, creed, sex, and even race.
Even economically backward persons like Abraham Lincoln could become the president of the united states, women like Margaret Thatcher, prime minister of the UK, etc.
Change of power
If a person in authority is not fit to rule, he can be replaced by-elections. Many politicians who were felt unfit to govern were changed in the next elections. If they were fit, they were given multiple chances to rule.
Equal and fair justice
In a democracy, no one is above the law, and everyone is equal before it. So equal justice is theoretically possible to all.
Since a person is elected by people, people have the right to decide their leader by involvement in voting.
Since every citizen is involved in building the country, there is a sense of patriotism and contributions to its growth.
Better and equal opportunities
All are equal before the law so that anyone can contest for any post. And if he is eligible, he can take the opportunity.
Freedom of life: People are free to live their life as they wish without causing harm to others. This is a fundamental right provided by law.
But still, there are also disadvantages of democracy that need to be addressed.
However, as per current levels of education and technological development, democracy seems to be the best form of government.