Effects of Overpopulation | List of Problems & Impact on Environment

Human population growth is a concern for the whole world as it has a toll on the environment.

The countries suffering from heavy population explosion consider it as a threat to their economy and well-being.

However, interestingly there are also a few European countries that are worried about the decline in their population. This is due to worry that there will not be enough workforce to support their economy.

So, either too much of it or too little of it is detrimental to the country and its well-being.

However, since the recent decade, there is heavy growth in population due to various factors.

This is leading to many problems for the economy, food supply, housing, etc. Besides, the environment and society are also negatively affected.

Problems of overpopulation

1. Health issues: Overpopulation, i.e., high population density countries, are prone to many health issues. Due to an increase in proximity between people in places of residence, the chances of the spread of infections are quite higher.

This is especially problematic in cases of epidemics like viral and bacterial infections. Owing to more population, the number of healthcare centers and workers is insufficient to provide health services.

There is a decrease in the quality of health services as well as the heavy burden of the medical bills to the country.

2. Dirty and unhygienic surroundings

Humans, on average, are responsible for a certain amount of litter and dirt. If a locality is highly populated, it catches more dirt and also at a faster rate. This dirt and waste can again contribute to health issues activity and human waste accumulate at a faster rate.Effects of Overpopulation

This applies even to the public transport system and places like parks, hotels, halls, etc.

So a decrease in population will contribute to a cleaner and hygienic environment.

3. Unemployment

Employment is an option for one to work and earn. But the number of positions is always fixed and limited in any sort of business. So the more population, the difficult it would be to accommodate everyone into jobs.

When there are no sufficient jobs and means of livelihood, the chances of criminal activities and theft tend to grow, causing disturbance to society. So, overpopulation is a prime cause of unemployment.

4. Poverty

Poverty is mostly a state of inability to make financial movements in between people. But still, countries with a high population generally have more people in the line of poverty than those countries with less population.

This can be easily seen in the current trends where people from certain countries are the richest in the world yet; their countries have a number of poor people. So it will be like the rich and poor stay side by side.

5. Lawlessness

Law and order situation is controlled by law monitoring personnel and also proper technical vigil. When the population is so huge, it will be quite tough to manage the law and order situation as always the people to security personnel ratio has a wide gap.

Also, other factors due to overpopulation like unemployment, poverty will encourage citizens to neglect and violate the law.

6. Unequal education

Due to the huge population, it would be tough for any nation to provide better education resources to all the people who wish to study. Since education is expensive, many like to perceive it at a minimal cost. But due to the huge population competing for the seats, some have t0 miss the desired opportunities. Many times, a talented and intelligent candidate will be unable to perceive their education in high populous countries and try to move to other countries for better options.

7. Manipulation of democracy

People of one religion or ethnic background enhance their population drastically in comparison to another sect in the same country. In doing so, they tend to vote en masse to certain political parties that encourage them.  Thus population growth is a tool to exploit democracy by unethical means. Also, the political parties go to any extent to appease such communities to get votes and retain power. This sometimes goes against national interest. This trend can be seen in underdeveloped countries, developing countries and also in developed countries like Germany, France, U.K, etc.

Effects of Overpopulation on the Environment

Human overpopulation Problems are not limited to society alone. It can also destroy the environment around them.

8. Overuse of natural resources:

The more the population, the more is the requirement of natural resources like water, minerals, petroleum, etc.

Due to greater demand, there is greater demand and more is the exploitation of groundwater, mines, and minerals.  Less population will help avoid this overuse of natural resources.

For the sake of more resources, people move to towns and cities, leading to further urban expansion.

9. Pollution: Pollution is harmful contamination of natural resources that can be detrimental to human health. There are different types of pollution, like air, water, land, etc. Due to more population, there is a high human activity like more travel, more vehicles, more release of sewage water, etc. These issues will lead to enhancement in pollution.

10. Deforestation: The presence of at least 30% of forests in a country is a good sign of a natural environment. But in many countries other than in Europe, you do not find this ratio because of excess deforestation. To meet the demands of the large population, governments go for deforestation to provide housing, land for agriculture, airports, road, etc. In doing so, more of the natural habitat for wild animals is destroyed and they get extinct.

13 thoughts on “Effects of Overpopulation | List of Problems & Impact on Environment”

  1. Hi Jensen, great insights regarding overpopulation from your end. But, I have seen an educated couple having 6 or more children even though they know they cannot provide quality life to children.
    This problem will not be solved as long as humans do not consider themselves as one family along with nature.

  2. Overpopulation is the root cause of all of mankind’s current problems – the 10 listed as well as others so serious that they could be separately categorized, e.g. extinctions and loss of habitat, over-fishing and the decline of fish stocks, global warming. Most of the world’s current population would like a better quality of life. Is that possible? What is the optimum number of human inhabitants worldwide that our natural resources can sustain in a hygienic, healthy, educated, and productive state? How do we achieve that? Is every human being endowed with the inalienable right to procreate without limitation? If that was ever the case, it can no longer be so. The survival of humanity depends upon reducing the number of inhabitants to that sustainable number. Balance.

    So how did much of Europe and the North American countries achieve negative population growth (absent immigration pressures)? China recognized the problem years ago and imposed strictures, but they haven’t solved the problem fully because the solution brought other problems alluded to in the article (an aging population, not enough productive younger people to sustain them, etc.) which they haven’t solved.

    I think education is the 1st step. For example, I think many modern Chinese couples have the education, understanding, and ability to control the size of their families voluntarily now. And that realization underlies the voluntary restraints that educated and conscientious couples have self-impose in Europe and North America.

    So, one starts with education, especially in overpopulated countries. Tubal ligation, its male equivalent, and other measures would likely have to be imposed for a time. Perhaps couples who do not want children could transfer their procreation "rights" to couples who want more children. Government should not encourage large families by tax breaks or monetary aid. A nuclear family should be the norm. Parental financial responsibility must be strictly enforced. Countries like the U.S., China, Canada, and others should condition foreign aid on the recipient country’s establishment of demonstrably efficacious programs to reduce their birth rates to achieve a decrease in population. But birth control without abortion – just pills, condoms, self-restraint, and so forth – bolstered by Education. Education. No religious sect is excused. No ethnic group is exempt. No country can alleviate its population problem by exporting it to other countries where the birth rate is under control. It’s a problem that must be addressed. And at the same time, study should be given to how to deal with the "problems" caused by a declining population.

  3. Lisa, agree with you, the immediate solution for to control the climate change is to adopt the use of electrical vehicles by people of all the countries at the earliest. Covid is a blessing in disguise which showed that restriction of people’s movement helps rejuvenate the environment.

  4. I feel this subject is taboo unfortunately We are already seeing the effects in California with climate change, forest fires. In the areas there are jobs the rents and home prices are outrageous. Covid is a direct effect

  5. The article was amazing but I thought it would be better with some more specific information given and write the paragraphs longer. This article helped me a lot with my essay HW.

  6. Hello. This was a really good website for me to use in my attached works. The only thing i would like you to do better is that in some of the titles, such as pollution, you could give more information. But over all, it was really fantastic! :}

  7. It is good as it helps me a lot in carrying out my assignment and some school activities. thanks.

  8. Very nice. I like it.But the content should be developed with the current pace of the present world.

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